The surveyed Swedish-owned international enterprise groups conducted R&D worldwide for SEK 72.2 billion in 2013. This was a decrease of nearly SEK 5.3 billion compared to 2011, at the 2013 price level. The expenditure for R&D in Sweden was SEK 39.5 billion, a decrease compared to 2011. Nearly 55 percent of the enterprise group’s total R&D expenditure is spent in Sweden, and 39 percent of the groups’ person-years are carried out in Sweden.
R&D intensity measured as the number of R&D full-time equivalents as a percentage of the total number of employees was highest in Sweden for the Swedish-owned enterprise groups. R&D intensity in Sweden was 18.8 and abroad, 6.2 in the 2013 survey.
The surveyed Swedish-owned international enterprise groups carried out R&D for SEK 32.7 billion abroad, primarily in Europe, Asia and North America. Expenditures for R&D increased in Europe and North America and decreased in Asia and Oceania. However, the decrease in Asia is primarily due to changes in the surveyed population.
In 2013 the surveyed foreign-owned enterprise groups’ expenditures were nearly SEK 28 billion in Sweden. Approximately 40 percent of the enterprise group’s total R&D expendi-ture is spent in Sweden which is about the same share as in former surveys.
In 2013 the business enterprise sector accounted for 69 percent of the total R&D expendi-tures in Sweden. The higher education sector represented 27 percent and the government sector R&D accounted for 4 percent of the remaining portion. Business enterprise sector R&D is highly concentrated to a small number of large international enterprise groups.
39 percent of R&D-activities in the Swedish business sector were carried out by foreign-owned companies. The largest proportions of foreign-owned companies’ R&D expenditure in Sweden came from firms with parent companies located in the UK, Germany and the Netherlands. Other major countries were the United States and Switzerland. The Swedish-owned international enterprises accounted for 49 percent and the domestic enterprises accounted for 12 percent of the total R&D expenditures in the Swedish business sector.
Research and Development in enterprises in 2013