Insignificant increase in foreign ownership
Foreign control of enterprises increased in Sweden with 260 enterprises in 2014. After the increase there were 13,831 foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden. The number of employees in the foreign controlled enterprises increased with 9,610 persons, which was a increase with 2 percent compared to last year’s survey. This meant that there were 640,236 employees in foreign-owned companies in Sweden in 2014.
Norwegian ownership increases
Norway was the country that accounted for the largest increase of foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden between 2013 and 2014 with a increase of 211 enterprises; the second largest increase was the United States with 50 companies.
Norway is after the increase still the country that controls most enterprises in Sweden (2,247 companies) followed by the USA (1,378 companies).
Highest number of employees in German controlled enterprises
Several countries increased their number of employees in Sweden in 2014. The largest increase occurred in companies controlled by Norway and Germany. The increase amounted to 8,627 and 3,590 employees compared to 2013.
The single largest country in terms of number of employees is Germany with its 72,463 employees, followed by the United States with 71,118 employees. 2014 is the first year since the 90s that the United States is not the country of origin with the highest number of employees in Sweden.
A few large enterprises provide most employment
Of the foreign controlled enterprises in 2014, 87 percent were small with fewer than 50 employees in Sweden. These enterprises, however, accounted only for 12 per cent of employees in foreign controlled enterprises. Large enterprises with 250 or more employees accounted for 3 per cent of all foreign controlled enterprises, but their share of employment was 67 per cent of all employees in foreign controlled enterprises. This has remained largely unchanged compared to previous years.
The smaller foreign controlled enterprises had a larger proportion of their employees within the service sector compared to the large foreign controlled enterprises, which were more evenly distributed between manufacturing industry and the service sector.
Foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden, 2014