Published 27 June 2016

Foreign controlled enterprises 2015

Foreign control of enterprises increased in Sweden with 155 enterprises in 2015. After the increase there were 13,986 foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden. The number of employees in the foreign controlled enter­prises decreased with 2,373 persons, which was a decrease with less then 1 percent compared to last year’s survey. This meant that there were 637,863 employees in foreign-owned companies in Sweden in
2015.

US ownership increases

The United States was the country that accounted for the largest increase of foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden between 2014 and 2015 with a increase of 37 enterprises; the second largest increase was Norway with 22 companies.

Norway is after the increase still the country that controls most enterprises in Sweden (2,269 companies) followed by the US (1,378 companies).

Highest number of employees in US controlled enterprises

Several countries increased their number of employees in Sweden in 2015. The largest increase occurred in companies controlled by Denmark and Norway. The increase amounted to 9,850 and 3,412 employees compared to 2014.

The single largest country in terms of number of employees is the United States with its 73,901 employees, followed by Germany with 72,979 employees.

The United States has in the 2015 returned to be the ownership country with the highest number of employees in Sweden, from in 2014 lost that position for the first time since the 90s. Germany was the ownership country in 2014 with the highest number of employees in Sweden.

A few large enterprises provide most employment

Of the foreign controlled enterprises in 2015, 87 percent were small with fewer than 50 employees in Sweden. These enterprises, however, accounted only for 11 per cent of employees in foreign controlled enterprises. Large enterprises with 250 or more employees accounted for 3 per cent of all foreign controlled enterprises, but their share of employment was 67 per cent of all employees in foreign controlled enterprises. This has remained largely unchanged compared to previous years.

The smaller foreign controlled enterprises had a larger proportion of their employees within the service sector compared to the large foreign controlled enterprises, which were more evenly distributed between manufacturing industry and the service sector.

Title
Foreign controlled enterprises 2015

Serial number
Statistics 2016:03

Reference number
2016/165

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