Foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden, 2013
Insignificant decrease in foreign ownership
Foreign control of enterprises decreased in Sweden with 498 enterprises in 2013. After the decrease there were 13,571 foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden. The number of employees in the foreign controlled enterprises decreased with 8,714 persons, which was a decrease with 1 percent compared to last year’s survey. This meant that there were 630,626 employees in foreign-owned companies in Sweden in 2013.
Norwegian ownership decreases
Norway was the country that accounted for the largest decrease of foreign controlled enterprises in Sweden between 2012 and 2013 with a decrease of 205 enterprises; the second largest decrease was the Netherlands with 180 companies. There were also some countries that increased its ownership in Sweden as Jersey and Germany. The number of enterprises that were controlled by Jersey and Germany increased by 29 companies each.
Netherlands decreased their number of employees
Several countries decreased their number of employees in Sweden in 2013. The largest decreases occurred in companies controlled by the Netherlands and France. The reductions amounted to 11,873 and 3,850 employees compared to 2012.
The single largest country in terms of number of employees is the United States with its 72,952 employees, followed by Germany and Finland with 68,873 and 58,010 employees.
A few large enterprises provide most employment
Of the foreign controlled enterprises in 2012, 87 percent were small with fewer than 50 employees in Sweden. These enterprises, however, accounted only for 12 per cent of employees in foreign controlled enterprises. Large enterprises with 250 or more employees accounted for 3 per cent of all foreign controlled enterprises, but their share of employment was 67 per cent of all employees in foreign controlled enterprises. This has remained largely unchanged compared to previous years.
The smaller foreign controlled enterprises had a larger proportion of their employees within the service sector compared to the large foreign controlled enterprises, which were more evenly distributed between manufacturing industry and the service sector.